A Case of Relapsing Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Treated Successfully with Rituximab

Ji Won Han, Kwi Young Kang, Tae Hyun Ban, Ik Hyun Jo, Sung-Hwan Park
2014 Journal of Rheumatic Diseases  
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated with systemic disease characterized by granulomas and vasculitis affecting small and medium vessels. Neurological manifestations in GPA are less frequent than classical manifestations, such as lung and kidney involvement, and cranial nerve palsies are much rarer. Cyclophosphamide and glucocorticoids have been conventionally administered as an initial induction immunosuppressive therapy for GPA.
more » ... rapy for GPA. However, increasing evidence has demonstrated the efficacy and safety of rituximab, an anti-B cell monoclonal antibody, for the treatment of GPA. Herein, we describe a successful treatment of relapsing GPA with cranial nerve involvement using rituximab in a 56-year-old male patient who was previously treated with cyclophosphamide plus glucocorticoids.
doi:10.4078/jrd.2014.21.5.257 fatcat:g5xvq5fppngw7dow3bzhoonyni