Evolution of mean ocean temperature in Marine Isotope Stages 5-4 [post]

Sarah Shackleton, James A. Menking, Edward Brook, Christo Buizert, Michael N. Dyonisius, Vasilii V. Petrenko, Daniel Baggenstos, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus
2021 unpublished
Abstract. Deglaciations are characterized by relatively fast and near-synchronous changes in ice sheet volume, ocean temperature, and atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, but glacial inceptions occur more gradually. Understanding the evolution of ice sheet, ocean, and atmospheric conditions from interglacial to glacial maximum provides important insight into the interplay of these components of our climate system. Using noble gas measurements in ancient ice samples, we reconstruct mean
more » ... an temperature (MOT) from 74 to 59.5 ka BP, covering the Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5-4 boundary, MIS 4, and part of the MIS 4-3 transition. Comparing this MOT reconstruction to previously published MOT reconstructions from the last glacial cycle, we find that the majority of interglacial-glacial ocean cooling occurred across MIS 5, and MOT reached full glacial levels by MIS 4 (−2.7 ± 0.3 °C relative to the Holocene). Comparing MOT to contemporaneous records of CO2 and benthic 𝛿18O, we find that ocean cooling and the solubility pump can explain most of the CO2 drawdown and increase in 𝛿18O across MIS 5. The timing of ocean warming and cooling in our record indicates that millennial scale climate variability plays a crucial role in setting mean ocean temperature during this interval, as seen during other periods, such as the last deglaciation.
doi:10.5194/cp-2021-8 fatcat:csdliloa7feizjwnmzr6inzf2a