QUADROTORS IN THE PRESENT ERA: A REVIEW

Ritika Thusoo, Sheilza Jain, Sakshi Bangia
2021 Information Technology in Industry  
The advancement in the field of aerial robotics and control engineering has created many opportunities for the utilization of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Applications of UAVs from precision agriculture to delivering medicines and products at our doorsteps cannot be ignored. Quadrotors are the widely studied as sub-category of the rotor-type UAVs. Their ability to hover, vertical take-off and landing along with their small size and simple design make them suitable for many real-life
more » ... ions like medicine delivery in containment zones struck with COVID-19. But under actuation caused due to four rotors to control six inputs creates instability in their flight. In this paper, Quadrotors and various Quadrotor applications are discussed. The various modeling and control techniques are discussed. Controlling techniques like LQR, LQG, PID and robust control is implemented for position, attitude and altitude control. Results for Proportional Integral and Derivative (PID) and Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) of model generated using force-moment mathematical model are analyzed and compared using MATLAB Simulink. These control techniques are implemented for position, attitude and altitude control. In this paper, it has been concluded that MRAC performs better as compared to PID controller for position, attitude and Altitude control of Quadrotor.
doi:10.17762/itii.v9i1.116 fatcat:4mruxyrxsfcsjduee5ymqnf3li