الأَحَـــادِیْثُ النَّبَویَّـةُ الـــوَارِدَةُ فِـی الـدِّمَـــاءِ المَـعْـصُـومَـةِ

عبد الرحمن بن عمر بن أحمد المدخلی
2019 حولیة کلیة الدراسات الإسلامیة و العربیة للبنین بالقاهرة  
‫‪‬زان‬  ١٤٤٠  ٢٠١٩  ‫ا‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬ ‫دس‬ ‫ن‬‫وا‬   ‫ا‪‬درا‪‬ت‬ ‫ا‬ ٨٢   ‫ا‪‬درا‪‬ت‬ ‫ا‬ ٨٣ َ  ‫ا‬    َ  ‫ا‬ ُ ْ ِ ‫د‬  ‫ا‬    ِ   ‫َة‬ ‫د‬ ‫َار‬  ِ َ ُ ْ  ‫ا‬ ِ ‫ء‬َ  ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬ ‫دس‬ ‫ن‬‫وا‬   ‫ا‪‬درا‪‬ت‬ ‫ا‬ ٨٤   ‫ا‪‬درا‪‬ت‬ ‫ا‬ Abstract The Islamic Sharia seeks the well-being of human and all that achieve their happiness in this life and hereafter.
more » ... fe and hereafter. The Sharia aims to save blood by all means and protect it from being shed. The researcher looked for a book that combines all the relevant Prophetic hadiths, but found nothing except for a few writings of Imam Abdul-Ghani Al-Maghdassi, that includes a number of hadiths (sayings and conduct of the prophet Muhammad) and athars (narrations by the Prophet, his Companions and Followers and also early scholars) concerning bloodshed in particular, and fitna (trial) in general. His book contains Saheh (correct), Dheef (weak) and very weak hadiths. Therefore, the researcher felt the need to combine the prophetic hadiths using a scientific method. So he decided to do so. Then he collected a number of hadiths, classified them and studied their narration. Research Methodology: The researcher used the inductive analytical approach. Research Problem: The problem of the research is about the carelessness of some individuals and groups regarding the sanctity of life. Whereas some sects think that shedding blood is a good deed in Islam. The research also sheds light on the increase in the rate of various types of suicide, killing and violence day after another. May Allah save us! Research Limitation This research focuses on the prophetic hadiths about the sanctity of all kinds blood, not only Muslims, but all humans as well as animals, birds. It ‫ا‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬ ‫دس‬ ‫ن‬‫وا‬ also covers some views of the scholars on that regard. Previous Studies: The researcher didn't find any relevant previous studies except for a few writings of Imam Abdul-Ghani Al-Maghdassi , who died in 600 A.H, entitled Prohibition and Transgression of Killing "Tahreem Alqatl Wa Tazeemuh". In this book, Al-Maghdassi has collected a number of authentic, weak and very weak hadiths and athars about this topic in particular and about fitan in general. This research is distinguished and remarkable for the comprehensive collection of only the acceptable hadiths about the sanctity of life. Research Objectives: This main objectives of the research are: showing the greatness of the true religion in protecting lives except for legal causes, contrary to the stray sects. It also aims to defy and provide evidence for individuals and groups of desires and innovation as well as terrorists, who involved in killing people . Today there is a compelling need for this knowledge, where some basics of the religious are mixed up and confused for those who have no or less knowledge. Results: The researcher finds out the following: all hadiths the researcher have provided are authentic and show clearly Islam concern about lives and the severe punishment prepared in this life and hereafter for those who kill. Islam also prohibit killing of animals, birds, and insects illegally and without cause. Recommendations : The researcher recommends collecting all hadiths about this topic for their importance, publish them so as to show the reality and goodness of this Religion, its eminence, and concern about humanity. Keywords: The sanctity of life, Prohibition of killing, protection of human's life, prevention of innocent life.   ‫ا‪‬درا‪‬ت‬ ‫ا‬
doi:10.21608/bfsa.2019.41232 fatcat:bmr7i4dufja63kppzmy7sddj7a