Effect Of TicloPidine On Platelet Deposition In Gore-Tex And Autologous Vein Grafts

K Murphy, M Dewanjee, V Fuster, P Didisheim, M Kaye
1981 Thrombosis and Haemostasis  
To quantitatively study platelet deposition on arterial prostheses and the effect of platelet inhibitory therapy with ticlopidine, 14 dogs underwent bilateral femoral artery excision and replacement with one polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) and one autologous vein graft. Five dogs received 60 mg/kg/day of ticlopidine orally on four consecutive days prior to surgery. Nine untreated dogs served as controls. Collagen-induced platelet aggregometry studies were performed at the end of day 4.
more » ... end of day 4. Autologous indium-111-labeled platelets were injected 24 hours prior to surgery to serve as aplatelet marker. All animals received heparin (1 mg/kg I.V.) 5 minutes prior to excision of the arterial segment. Grafts were removed 1 hour following resumption of blood flow and gently flushed with 30 cc normal saline. Radioactivity per unit weight of Gore-Tex, vein and blood was determined with a gamma counter. The relative radioactivity with respect to the internal reference standard, blood, is tabulated below.Ticlopidine treated dogs showed a 15-fold reduction in platelet deposition on Gore-Tex grafts and a 3-fold reduction on venous grafts. Platelet deposition was reduced significantly in Gore-Tex grafts (P<0.001) to a level comparable to that in autologous veins. Platelet inhibitory effect was also observed in collagen-induced platelet aggregometry.According to this "in vivo" data, ticlopidine appears to be a promising platelet inhibiting agent.
doi:10.1055/s-0038-1652494 fatcat:3kvxmocuszah5iawsmx357wgme