Evaluation of spatial dependence of point spread function-based PET reconstruction using a traceable point-like 22Na source

Taisuke Murata, Kenta Miwa, Noriaki Miyaji, Kei Wagatsuma, Tomoyuki Hasegawa, Keiichi Oda, Takuro Umeda, Takashi Iimori, Yoshitada Masuda, Takashi Terauchi, Mitsuru Koizumi
2016 EJNMMI Physics  
The point spread function (PSF) of positron emission tomography (PET) depends on the position across the field of view (FOV). Reconstruction based on PSF improves spatial resolution and quantitative accuracy. The present study aimed to quantify the effects of PSF correction as a function of the position of a traceable point-like 22 Na source over the FOV on two PET scanners with a different detector design. Methods: We used Discovery 600 and Discovery 710 (GE Healthcare) PET scanners and
more » ... le point-like 22 Na sources (<1 MBq) with a spherical absorber design that assures uniform angular distribution of the emitted annihilation photons. The source was moved in three directions at intervals of 1 cm from the center towards the peripheral FOV using a three-dimensional (3D)-positioning robot, and data were acquired over a period of 2 min per point. The PET data were reconstructed by filtered back projection (FBP), the ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM), OSEM + PSF, and OSEM + PSF + time-of-flight (TOF). Full width at half maximum (FWHM) was determined according to the NEMA method, and total counts in regions of interest (ROI) for each reconstruction were quantified. Results: The radial FWHM of FBP and OSEM increased towards the peripheral FOV, whereas PSF-based reconstruction recovered the FWHM at all points in the FOV of both scanners. The radial FWHM for PSF was 30-50 % lower than that of OSEM at the center of the FOV. The accuracy of PSF correction was independent of detector design. Quantitative values were stable across the FOV in all reconstruction methods. The effect of TOF on spatial resolution and quantitation accuracy was less noticeable. Conclusions: The traceable 22 Na point-like source allowed the evaluation of spatial resolution and quantitative accuracy across the FOV using different reconstruction methods and scanners. PSF-based reconstruction reduces dependence of the spatial resolution on the position. The quantitative accuracy over the entire FOV of the PET system is good, regardless of the reconstruction methods, although it depends slightly on the position.
doi:10.1186/s40658-016-0162-3 pmid:27783373 pmcid:PMC5080272 fatcat:xwwi5azcyrezdkxg2znkvy6h7i