Risk factors for esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage in curative total gastrectomy combined with D2 lymph node dissection for gastric cancer: A retrospective cohort study
Background: This study aimed to explore the risk factors associated with esophagojejunal anastomotic leakage (EJAL) in curative total gastrectomy combined with D2 lymph node dissection for gastric cancer.Methods: 390 consecutive patients receiving Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy reconstruction after surgery were reviewed. Multivariate analysis was performed using a logistic regression model to identify independent risk factors for EJAL.Results: Of the 390 patients enrolled in this study, EJAL
... his study, EJAL occurred in 10 patients (2.6%). One patient (1/10) with EJAL died. Univariate analysis identified age (P = 0.025), alcohol consumption (P = 0.019), pulmonary insufficiency (P = 0.049), and intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.015) as risk factors for EJAL. Of these four risk factors, age (P = 0.043) and alcohol consumption (P = 0.043) were retained as independent risk factors by multivariate analysis.Conclusions: Surgeons should be very careful about anastomotic leakage during the perioperative period, especially in patients with advanced age and a history of alcohol consumption. Pulmonary insufficiency and intraoperative blood loss, although not being identified as independent risk factors, should also be considered.