Relative expression of hMena11a and hMenaINV splice isoforms is a useful biomarker in development and progression of human breast carcinoma

2014 International Journal of Oncology  
Alternative splicing provides additional genomic complexity by producing multiple mRNAs and protein variants from any given gene. Splice variants have been identified in a large variety of cancer genes, suggesting that widespread aberrant and alternative splicing may be a consequence or even a cause of cancer. Human ortholog of mammalian enabled (hMena), a family of enabled/vasodilator-stimulated phosphoproteins (Ena/VASP), is an actin regulatory protein involved in the regulation of cell
more » ... ty. hMena has been shown to have several splice variants, including the hMena INV isoform, expressed in invasive cancer cells, and the epithelialspecific isoform, hMena 11a . We assessed the relative mRNA expression of hMena splice variants in 50 cases of invasive ductal breast carcinoma of no special type (IDC-NST) and 45 cases of ductal breast carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with special reference to non-neoplastic breast epithelial tissues. The samples were dissected from their respective regions by laser microdissection. Our results confirmed previous reports that hMena INV expression is augmented during tumor progression, while hMena 11a is downregulated. Furthermore, simultaneous expression of hMena 11a and hMena INV was found only in malignant lesions, while their expression was hardly detected in normal breast tissue and benign proliferative breast lesions. These results indicate that the higher relative expression of hMena 11a compared with hMena INV may predict malignant transformation in breast epithelial cells, and, furthermore, a reversal of expression of hMena 11a and hMena INV may dictate the state of cancer progression. Here, we demonstrate that determination of hMena 11a and hMena INV expression could be a useful biomarker for predicting malignant behavior in breast epithelial lesions, and show that their relative expression is linked to adverse prognostic factors. Although the biological activity of the majority of alternatively spliced isoforms and their contribution to cancer biology has yet to be determined, their elucidation will have a large impact on therapeutic strategies for cancer.
doi:10.3892/ijo.2014.2591 pmid:25109497 fatcat:tkj6k3tlg5hbtgehdubews4pue