Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Lateral Sulcus and its Significance in Adult Human Brains: A Cadaveric Study from Southern India

S Valli, S Kanmani Velarasan
2022 International Journal of Anatomy Radiology and Surgery  
Cerebral hemispheres are the two main parts of human brain. Though, the cerebral hemispheres may appear to be identical, one hemisphere is functionally dominant over the other. They also exhibit physical variations. The dominance may be due to lateralisation of cortical functions. In about 90% of the total population, the left hemisphere is dominant over the right where the speech and language areas are located. These areas are situated within the Pars Opercularis (PO) and Pars Triangularis
more » ... in the dominant hemisphere of the Lateral Sulcus (Sylvian Fissure). The interhemispheric asymmetry of the Sylvian Fissure (SF) may be the basis of cerebral dominance for language, which is less studied in human beings. These asymmetries are relative and vary according to the functions concerned. Therefore, knowledge of the interhemispheric asymmetries is helpful in neurological diagnosis and management. Aim: To measure the length of the lateral sulcus and its rami on both hemispheres and to study their interhemispheric asymmetry. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional pilot study was done on 30 whole brains of embalmed adult human cadavers irrespective of sexes taken from the Institute of Anatomy of Madras Medical College, Tamil Nadu, India, between the months of June to August, 2017. The lateral sulcus was measured on the superolateral surface of the brain. All measurements were taken with the help of a thin copper wire placed on the surface, its ends being held in position with artery forceps. The wire was then placed on a graduated metal scale and the lengths of the anterior ascending, anterior horizontal, posterior rami and total length of the lateral sulcus were noted. A data sheet was made using Microsoft excel software and the mean length of each ramus was calculated. Results: The mean total length of the SF was noted to be 8.4±0.51 cm on the right side and 8.8±0.56 cm on the left. The mean length of stem of lateral sulcus was 2.5±0.4 cm and 2.6±0.3 cm on the right and left side, respectively. The m [...]
doi:10.7860/ijars/2022/52248.2768 doaj:719eb61833c24888b45e324770a7941f fatcat:2oqfmbwugvbxhko3mp73nuxprq