Smart cities of the future

M. Batty, K. W. Axhausen, F. Giannotti, A. Pozdnoukhov, A. Bazzani, M. Wachowicz, G. Ouzounis, Y. Portugali
2012 The European Physical Journal Special Topics  
482 The European Physical Journal Special Topics urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the
more » ... t of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases Our visionary approach For much of the 20th century, the idea that a city could be smart was a science fiction that was pictured in the popular media but quite suddenly with the massive proliferation of computable devices across many scales and with a modicum of intelligence being embedded into such devices, the prospect that a city might become smart, sentient even, is fast becoming the new reality. The convergence of information and communication technologies is producing urban environments that are quite different from anything that we have experienced hitherto. Cities are becoming smart not only in terms of the way we can automate routine functions serving individual persons, buildings, traffic systems but in ways that enable us to monitor, understand, analyse and plan the city to improve the efficiency, equity and quality of life for its citizens in real time. This is changing the way we are able to plan across multiple time scales, raising the prospect that cities can be made smarter in the long term by continuous reflection in the short term. Smart cities are often pictured as constellations of instruments across many scales that are connected through multiple networks which provide continuous data regarding the movements of people and materials in terms of the flow of decisions about the physical and social form of the city. Cities however can only be smart if there are intelligence functions that are able to integrate and synthesise this data to some purpose, ways of improving the efficiency, equity, sustainability and quality of life in cities. In FuturICT, we will research smart cities not simply in terms of their instrumentation which is the domain of both large and small ICT companies who are providing the detailed hardware and software to provide what some have called the operating system for the smart city, but in terms of the way this instrumentation is opening up dramatically different forms of social organisation. We will focus directly on ways in which this infrastructure can be integrated, how the data that are being collected can be mined, how services delivered by traditional means can be organised and delivered much more efficiently using these new technologies, all part of the idea of the Planetary Nervous System that is central to our proposal. This is our first goal but in parallel and embedded within this, we are interested in standing back from the nuts and bolts of the smart city, and devising much more effective models and simulations that will address problems of efficiency, equity and quality of life, set within a new context where a much wider group of citizens can engage in the science of smart cities through new ways of participating in the future design of their cities and neighbourhoods. These embrace our ideas of Living Earth
doi:10.1140/epjst/e2012-01703-3 fatcat:nu47s376w5bavbiset6qkzio5q