The molecular coupling between substrate recognition and ATP turnover in a AAA+ hexameric helicase loader

Neha Puri, Amy J Fernandez, Valerie L O'Shea Murray, Sarah McMillan, James L Keck, James M Berger
2021 eLife  
In many bacteria and in eukaryotes, replication fork establishment requires the controlled loading of hexameric, ring-shaped helicases around DNA by AAA+ ATPases. How loading factors use ATP to control helicase deposition is poorly understood. Here, we dissect how specific ATPase elements of E. coli DnaC, an archetypal loader for the bacterial DnaB helicase, play distinct roles in helicase loading and the activation of DNA unwinding. We identify a new element, the arginine-coupler, which
more » ... upler, which regulates the switch-like behavior of DnaC to prevent futile ATPase cycling and maintains loader responsiveness to replication restart systems. Our data help explain how the ATPase cycle of a AAA+-family helicase loader is channeled into productive action on its target; comparative studies indicate elements analogous to the Arg-coupler are present in related, switch-like AAA+ proteins that control replicative helicase loading in eukaryotes, as well as polymerase clamp loading and certain classes of DNA transposases.
doi:10.7554/elife.64232 pmid:34036936 pmcid:PMC8213410 fatcat:2zuuf3ts4jfmbj72yjcvm3zl2q