dbAMP: an integrated resource for exploring antimicrobial peptides with functional activities and physicochemical properties on transcriptome and proteome data

Jhih-Hua Jhong, Yu-Hsiang Chi, Wen-Chi Li, Tsai-Hsuan Lin, Kai-Yao Huang, Tzong-Yi Lee
2018 Nucleic Acids Research  
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), naturally encoded from genes and generally contained 10-100 amino acids, are crucial components of the innate immune system and can protect the host from various pathogenic bacteria, as well as viruses. In recent years, the widespread use of antibiotics has inspired the rapid growth of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms that usually induce critical infection and pathogenesis. An increasing interest therefore was motivated to explore natural AMPs that enable the
more » ... velopment of new antibiotics. With the potential of AMPs being as new drugs for multidrug-resistant pathogens, we were thus motivated to develop a database (dbAMP, http://csb.cse.yzu.edu.tw/dbAMP/) by accumulating comprehensive AMPs from public domain and manually curating literature. Currently in dbAMP there are 12 389 unique entries, including 4271 experimentally verified AMPs and 8118 putative AMPs along with their functional activities, supported by 1924 research articles. The advent of high-throughput biotechnologies, such as mass spectrometry and next-generation sequencing, has led us to further expand dbAMP as a database-assisted platform for providing comprehensively functional and physicochemical analyses for AMPs based on the large-scale transcriptome and proteome data. Significant improvements available in dbAMP include the information of AMP-protein interactions, antimicrobial potency analysis for 'cryptic' region detection, annotations of AMP target species, as well as AMP detection on transcriptome and proteome datasets. Additionally, a Docker container has been developed as a downloadable package for discovering known and novel AMPs on high-throughput omics data. The user-friendly visualization interfaces have been created to facilitate peptide searching, browsing, and sequence alignment against dbAMP entries. All the facilities integrated into dbAMP can promote the functional analyses of AMPs and the discovery of new antimicrobial drugs.
doi:10.1093/nar/gky1030 pmid:30380085 pmcid:PMC6323920 fatcat:caefwxw6pfgfzhb2uhxotzyoom