Investigation of DNA damage of glycidol and glycidol fatty acid esters using Fpg-modified comet assay
Fundamental Toxicological Sciences
Glycidol fatty acid esters (GEs) are food process contaminants detected in edible oils. It has been thought that glycidol is released from GEs by lipase in vivo, and shows genotoxicity. While DNA damage from glycidol has been reported, there is very little information on the DNA damaging potency of GEs in vivo. Therefore, we estimated DNA damage of glycidol and glycidyl oleate, which is one type of GEs, using the standard comet assay and a formamidopyrimidine glycosylase(Fpg)-modified comet
... y. ICR male mice were orally administrated glycidol and glycidyl oleate (1.0 and 2.0 mmol/kg body weight) at 24 and 3 hr prior to dissection. In the standard comet assay, DNA damage (tail length and % tail DNA) in liver, kidney and blood samples of glycidol-treated groups were increased in a concentration-dependent manner. In Fpg-modified comet assay, glycidol showed DNA damage with higher sensitivity compared with the standard comet assay. DNA damage was not observed in the administration group of glycidyloleate in the standard comet assay. However, in Fpg-modified comet assay, glycidyl oleate showed significant DNA damage in the liver, kidney and blood samples compared with the standard comet assay. In this study, it was revealed that glycidol and glycidyl oleate induce DNA damage, such as oxidative and alkylation damage, recognized by Fpg protein.