Continuous and fine-grained breathing volume monitoring from afar using wireless signals

Phuc Nguyen, Xinyu Zhang, Ann Halbower, Tam Vu
2016 IEEE INFOCOM 2016 - The 35th Annual IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications  
In this work, we propose for the first time an autonomous system, called WiSpiro, that continuously monitors a person's breathing volume with high resolution during sleep from afar. WiSpiro relies on a phase-motion demodulation algorithm that reconstructs minute chest and abdominal movements by analyzing the subtle phase changes that the movements cause to the continuous wave signal sent by a 2.4 GHz directional radio. These movements are mapped to breathing volume, where the mapping
more » ... p is obtained via a short training process. To cope with body movement, the system tracks the large-scale movements and posture changes of the person, and moves its transmitting antenna accordingly to a proper location in order to maintain its beam to specific areas on the frontal part of the person's body. It also incorporates interpolation mechanisms to account for possible inaccuracy of our posture detection technique and the minor movement of the person's body. We have built WiSpiro prototype, and demonstrated through a user study that it can accurately and continuously monitor user's breathing volume with a median accuracy from 90% to 95.4% (or 0.058l to 0.11l of error) to even in the presence of body movement. The monitoring granularity and accuracy are sufficiently high to be useful for diagnosis by clinical doctor.
doi:10.1109/infocom.2016.7524402 dblp:conf/infocom/NguyenZHV16 fatcat:n2cokpwkz5gxldw7ekl5yxf3he