A Pilot Study on Autism Spectrum Disorders in Mali: Parental Concerns About Child Developmental Milestones and Late Diagnostic Age [post]

Modibo Sangare, Ya DIARRA, Djeneba Konate, Mohamed Sanoussi Haidara, Adama Karembe, Bourama Keita, Housseini Dolo, Modibo Kouyate, Fatoumata Doumbia, Oumar Sidibe, Seidina A Diakite, Kassoum Kayentao (+6 others)
2021 unpublished
BackgroundIn Mali, the health facility-based prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Mali was 4.5% (105/2,343) and the age of first medical visit for autistic children was around 7 years old in 2018. Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities initiates the early autism detection and diagnosis. We aimed to assess the feasibility of a main study to associate parental concerns with early first medical visits and subsequent ASD diagnostic in Mali.MethodsWe conducted a pilot study
more » ... rom November 2017 to July 2019. We surveyed 57 parents of autistic children aged 3-14 years old.ResultsParents were concerned over verbal communication in 54.1% and reciprocal social interaction in 43.8%. Children with ASD had their first medical visit after 18 months old in 66.7%, ≥ two medical visits in 87.7%, and were identified after 36 months old in 76.8%.ConclusionParental concerns were not significantly associated with early first medical visit and ASD identification. This pilot study will help in the design of larger studies on the same topic in Mali.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-142247/v1 fatcat:wursam27yrayvcb3yer5rj3pji