High-phytate/low-calcium diet is a risk factor for crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone loss [article]

Ok-Hee Kim, Carmen J. Booth, Han Seok Choi, Jinwook Lee, Jinku Kang, June Hur, Hyung Jin Choi, Hyeonjin Kim, Joong-Hyuck Auh, Ji-Young Cha, Young Jae Lee, Cheol Soon Lee (+9 others)
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Phosphate overload contributes to mineral bone disorders associated with crystal nephropathies. Phytate, the major form of phosphorus in plant seeds, is known as an indigestible and negligible in humans. However, the mechanism and adverse effects of high-phytate intake on Ca2+ and phosphate absorption and homeostasis are unknown. Here we show that excessive intake of phytate with a low-Ca2+ diet fed to rats contributed to the development of crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and
more » ... ate wasting, and bone loss through tubular dysfunction secondary to dysregulation of intestinal calcium and phosphate absorption. Moreover, Ca2+ supplementation alleviated the detrimental effects of excess dietary phytate on bone and kidney through excretion of undigested Ca2+-phytate, which prevented a vicious cycle of intestinal phosphate overload and renal phosphate wasting while improving intestinal Ca2+ bioavailability. Thus, we demonstrate that phytate is digestible without a high-Ca2+ diet and a risk factor for phosphate overloading and developing crystal nephropathies and bone disease. Clinical Trial Registration ID #KCT0003144.
doi:10.1101/816512 fatcat:uz67a4pgbvhfnmxdizy3artegy