ATPG-Guided Fault Injection Attacks on Logic Locking [article]

Ayush Jain, Tanjidur Rahman, Ujjwal Guin
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Logic Locking is a well-accepted protection technique to enable trust in the outsourced design and fabrication processes of integrated circuits (ICs) where the original design is modified by incorporating additional key gates in the netlist, resulting in a key-dependent functional circuit. The original functionality of the chip is recovered once it is programmed with the secret key, otherwise, it produces incorrect results for some input patterns. Over the past decade, different attacks have
more » ... n proposed to break logic locking, simultaneously motivating researchers to develop more secure countermeasures. In this paper, we propose a novel stuck-at fault-based differential fault analysis (DFA) attack, which can be used to break logic locking that relies on a stored secret key. This proposed attack is based on self-referencing, where the secret key is determined by injecting faults in the key lines and comparing the response with its fault-free counterpart. A commercial ATPG tool can be used to generate test patterns that detect these faults, which will be used in DFA to determine the secret key. One test pattern is sufficient to determine one key bit, which results in at most |K| test patterns to determine the entire secret key of size |K|. The proposed attack is generic and can be extended to break any logic locked circuits.
arXiv:2007.10512v1 fatcat:qhkn25jacfamfiqdp4uda3abyu