Plant density in production of mini lettuce cultivars in organic system management

Keiko Takahashi, Antonio II Cardoso
2014 Horticultura Brasileira  
Production of mini vegetables in organic system is a good alternative to improve profit, but there are no researches about the optimum plant density for these cultivars in Brazilian conditions. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the production of mini lettuce cultivars in different plant densities. Experiment 1 was conducted from January 1th (sowing) to February 10th(harvesting), 2012. The experimental design was completely randomized blocks, with six treatments in factorial scheme, 3
more » ... ctorial scheme, 3 mini lettuce cultivars (Tudela, Renoir and Sartre) x 2 spacing between plants (16 and 20 cm), with eight replications and plots (2.04 m2) with six rows, spaced 15 cm. Experiment 2 was conducted from June 6th (sowing) to July 18th (harvesting), 2012. The cultivars Sartre and Renoir were evaluated under four plant densities (444,444; 333,333; 266,667 and 200,000 plants ha-1, corresponding to spacing of 15x15, 15x20, 25x15 and 25x20 cm, respectively). Eight treatments were defined by a factorial scheme 2 (cultivars) x 4 (plant densities) and arranged in a completely randomized block design, with nine replications and plots with 2.04 m2. The evaluated characteristics in both experiments were total and marketable fresh weight per plant, plant dry weight, plant diameter and height, marketable yield and discard percentage. In first experiment, during the summer, cultivar Sartre showed the highest marketable fresh weight (72 g plant-1). Heaviest plants (91.6 g plant-1) were obtained with the higher plant spacing, but the highest yield (2.51 kg m-2) was obtained with the smaller spacing. In winter, plants with higher total (190 g plant-1) and marketable (146 g planta-1) fresh weight were obtained with cultivar Sartre, and the same was observed in low plant density. However, the higher plant density, the higher the yield.
doi:10.1590/s0102-05362014000300017 fatcat:eifokpcplzcmxnms7pcryvfhgy