Evaluation of the BD GeneOhm StaphSR assay for detection of Staphylococcus aureus in patients in intensive care units

Tai-Hua Ho, Yhu-Chering Huang, Tzou-Yien Lin
2011 Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection  
Staphylococcus aureus is the major nosocomial pathogen and rapid detection of colonized patients with subsequent precaution is needed to prevent transmission. A new assay, the BD GeneOhm TM SaphSR assay (BD GeneOhm TM , San Diego, CA, USA), is a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rapid detection of both methicillin-sensitive S aureus (MSSA) as well as methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA). Methods: Anterior nasal swab specimens of 273 pediatric and adult patients
more » ... patients hospitalized in intensive care units at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital were collected for this assay in parallel with conventional cultures as standard. Results: Overall, 71 (26.0%) patients were colonized with S aureus by conventional culture and MRSA accounted for 67.6% of all isolates. For the detection of MRSA, 79 patients (28.9%) were positive by PCR and 48 (17.6%) were positive by conventional cultures. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 95.9%, 85.3%, 58.5%, 99.0%, respectively. For the detection of MSSA, 48 patients (17.6%) were positive by PCR and 23 (8.4%) were positive by conventional culture. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 91.3%, 89.2%, 43.8%, and 99.1%, respectively. Conclusion: As a screening method, the BD GeneOhm TM StaphSR assay could rapidly detect and differentiate between MRSA and MSSA colonization. A negative result of the assay could almost exclude S aureus colonization.
doi:10.1016/j.jmii.2010.08.008 pmid:21524966 fatcat:72755bhi6fdwpejwhxvzqnox7i