Membrane flow through the Golgi apparatus: specific disassembly of the cis-Golgi network by ATP depletion

M del Valle, Y Robledo, I V Sandoval
1999 Journal of Cell Science  
Incubation of NRK cells for 30 to 45 minutes with 50 mM 2-deoxy-D-glucose (DOG) in glucose and pyruvate-free medium results in depletion of the cellular ATP pool and in specific disassembly of the cis-Golgi network (CGN), with the stack of Golgi cisternae (SGC) and the trans-Golgi network (TGN) remaining intact and sensitive to BFA. The disassembly of the CGN is mediated by long tubular structures extending outwards from the Golgi complex and involves microtubules. Upon removal of DOG and
more » ... al of DOG and addition of glucose and pyruvate to the culture medium, the morphology of the CGN is slowly reestablished. Reconstruction of the CGN involves COPI/COPII-positive vesicles that resume the transport of proteins and in particular of CGN membrane proteins out of the ER. Exit of CGN membrane proteins from the ER is insensitive to BFA. In cells pretreated with nocodazole, the CGN membrane proteins are transported to the vicinity of the SGC fragments dispersed throughout the cytoplasm. Ultrastructural studies of cells engaged in the reconstruction of the CGN revealed that the CGN cisterna emerge as tubular structures extending from 0.2-0.3 microm uncoated vesicles prior to their organization on the cis-side of the SGC.
pmid:10547362 fatcat:tszxujh6enf57pkncmsersllpm