Foundations and modelling of dynamic networks using Dynamic Graph Neural Networks: A survey

Joakim Skardinga, Bogdan Gabrys, Katarzyna Musial
2021 IEEE Access  
Dynamic networks are used in a wide range of fields, including social network analysis, recommender systems and epidemiology. Representing complex networks as structures changing over time allow network models to leverage not only structural but also temporal patterns. However, as dynamic network literature stems from diverse fields and makes use of inconsistent terminology, it is challenging to navigate. Meanwhile, graph neural networks (GNNs) have gained a lot of attention in recent years for
more » ... their ability to perform well on a range of network science tasks, such as link prediction and node classification. Despite the popularity of graph neural networks and the proven benefits of dynamic network models, there has been little focus on graph neural networks for dynamic networks. To address the challenges resulting from the fact that this research crosses diverse fields as well as to survey dynamic graph neural networks, this work is split into two main parts. First, to address the ambiguity of the dynamic network terminology we establish a foundation of dynamic networks with consistent, detailed terminology and notation. Second, we present a comprehensive survey of dynamic graph neural network models using the proposed terminology. INDEX TERMS Dynamic network models, graph neural networks, link prediction, temporal networks.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3082932 fatcat:4pbp2kn6ovf65pnm5pbv7idpim