Post-test material analysis of eutectic melting reaction of boron carbide and stainless steel

Hidemasa YAMANO, Toshihide TAKAI, Tomohiro FURUKAWA
2020 Transactions of the JSME (in Japanese)  
It is necessary to simulate a eutectic melting reaction and relocation behavior of boron carbide (B4C) as a control rod material and stainless steel (SS) during a core disruptive accident in an advanced sodium-cooled fast reactor designed in Japan because the B4C-SS eutectic relocation behavior has a large uncertainty in the reactivity history based on a simple calculation. A physical model simulating the eutectic melting reaction and relocation was developed and implemented into a severe
more » ... into a severe accident simulation code. The developed model must be validated by using test data. To validate the physical model, therefore, the visualization tests of SS-B4C eutectic melting reaction was carried out by contacting SS melts of several kg with a B4C pellet heated up to about 1500 °C. The tests have shown the eutectic reaction visualization as well as freezing and relocation of the B4C-SS eutectic in upper part of the solidified test piece due to the density separation. Post-test material analyses by using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope techniques have indicated that FeB appeared at the B4C-SS contact interface and (Fe,Cr)2B at the top surface of the test piece. Glow discharge optical emission spectrometry has been applied to quantitative analysis of boron concentration distributions. The boron concentration was high at the upper surface and near the original position of the B4C pellet.
doi:10.1299/transjsme.19-00360 fatcat:iepm7haeazauxmr6maa22dq3mm