Misfit of Complete Maxillary Dentures' Posterior Palatal Seal following Polymerisation with Four Different Autopolymerising Resins: An In Vitro Study

Simone Schiller, Elke Rustemeier, Dominik Kraus, Helmut Stark, Frauke Müller, Karl-Heinz Utz
2022 Materials  
The majority of complete dentures are still conventionally manufactured using a flask-and-pack technique. However, the polymerization process may introduce a distortion of the denture body. The aim of this study was to evaluate the three-dimensional fit of the posterior palatal seal of maxillary complete dentures with the original impression, and to give recommendations for scraping. Methods: Four autopolymerising resins were used to manufacture 40 palatal plates each for high, medium and flat
more » ... alates (total n = 120). The misfit was captured by taking a reline impression with a highly fluid silicone, the dimensions of which were measured with a flat-bed scanner. Results: The shape of the palate had a significant impact (median p = 0.0435), but not the resin type (median p = 0.2575). It was largest for the flat palate and smallest for the high palate. The largest misfit was observed in the palatal midline area (flat-palate average median: 685 µm; high and medium palates: 620 µm) decreasing towards the lateral and anterior regions. Conclusions: The results suggest compensating for the palatal misfit that occurs with autopolymerising resins by scraping a postdam of an approximately 0.7 mm depth to the master cast, decreasing towards the anterior and lateral areas. In high and medium palates, the scraping could be less pronounced.
doi:10.3390/ma15155285 pmid:35955220 pmcid:PMC9369520 fatcat:7uuz5xz57vgbtidviwgtwswob4