Learning Moment Closure in Reaction-Diffusion Systems with Spatial Dynamic Boltzmann Distributions [article]

Oliver K. Ernst, Tom Bartol, Terrence Sejnowski, Eric Mjolsness
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Many physical systems are described by probability distributions that evolve in both time and space. Modeling these systems is often challenging to due large state space and analytically intractable or computationally expensive dynamics. To address these problems, we study a machine learning approach to model reduction based on the Boltzmann machine. Given the form of the reduced model Boltzmann distribution, we introduce an autonomous differential equation system for the interactions appearing
more » ... in the energy function. The reduced model can treat systems in continuous space (described by continuous random variables), for which we formulate a variational learning problem using the adjoint method for the right hand sides of the differential equations. This approach allows a physical model for the reduced system to be enforced by a suitable parameterization of the differential equations. In this work, the parameterization we employ uses the basis functions from finite element methods, which can be used to model any physical system. One application domain for such physics-informed learning algorithms is to modeling reaction-diffusion systems. We study a lattice version of the Rössler chaotic oscillator, which illustrates the accuracy of the moment closure approximation made by the method, and its dimensionality reduction power.
arXiv:1808.08630v2 fatcat:rgubej7c4vc6hele3yxbl45one