Frequency of Vitamid Deficiency in Patients with Acute ST Elevation MI

Syed Ikramullah, Aamna Khokhar, Muhammad Usman Ali, Bilal Mustafa, Syed Ahsan Raza, Iftikhar Ahmad
2022 Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences  
Objective: Vitamin D deficiency in individuals with acute ST Elevation is the goal of this study. Stud Design: Case control/Prospective study Place and Duration: Conducted at Islamabad medical and dental college, Islamabad. Duration was six months from 1st July, 2021 to 31st Dec, 2021. Methods: There were one hundred and six patients were presented in this study. ACS patients were included if they had ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or not if they had non-STEMI. Informed permission
more » ... s obtained prior to obtaining demographic data on the enrolled patients. These demographics included age, sex, BMI, and any co-morbidities they may have. Patients were divided in two groups, group I had 53 patients had ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and group B had 53 patients without STEMI. Frequency of vitamin deficiency among both groups were assessed and compared. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze complete data. Results: There were majority males 68 (64.2%) and 38 (35.8%) females among all patients. Mean age of the patients was 56.8±11.53 years with mean BMI 27.12±14.43 kg/m2 in group I and in group II mean age was 54.13±6.23 years and had mean BMI 25.7±10.51 kg/m2. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction and dyslipidemia were the commonest comorbidities found among all cases. Frequency of vitamin D deficiency in group I was higher found in 42 (79.2%) cases as compared to group II found in 22 (41.5%) cases with p value <0.004.Frequency of vitamin D insufficiency was also higher in patients with STEMI. Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were shown to be more common in individuals with acute coronary syndrome, including ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). People with ACS who had a vitamin D deficit were more likely to have an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI). Keywords:Acute coronary syndrome, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), Vitamin D Deficiency, Comorbidities
doi:10.53350/pjmhs221651102 fatcat:5wgh5shrprafxigyjd2lukkllq