Phenotypic Analysis of a Dwarf Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with Altered Phytochrome-Mediated Growth Responses
The influence of the amount of red light relative to far red light (red/far red ratio) on leaf-sheath elongation, leaf length, tillering, assimilate partitioning to shoots and roots, and chlorophyll content in a dwarf wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv Tibet Dwarf) and seven other dwarf and standard cultivars was determined. All cultivars tested showed far red-stimulated leaf and leaf-sheath elongation except Tibet Dwarf. Tibet Dwarf was also unresponsive to a brief end-of-day exposure to far red
... posure to far red light, although the other cultivars exhibited increased leaf-sheath and leaf length. In these cultivars, the effects of an end-of-day 5-min far red exposure were reversible by a subsequent 5-min red light exposure. Shoot/root ratios were higher and tillering was suppressed by increased far red irradiance in all cultivars except Tibet Dwarf. In addition, Tibet Dwarf was less responsive to dark-induced leaf and leaf-sheath elongation (etiolation) and retained chlorophyll in dark-adapted leaves longer than control cultivars. Tibet Dwarf did not differ from the other cultivars in leaf chlorophyll content. Western blot analysis, using an antibody against phytochrome A, showed that dark-grown Tibet Dwarf shoots contained at least twice the amount of detectable phytochrome A protein present in the other wheat cultivars. These results, plus the short, thick-stemmed, dark-pigmented phenotype of Tibet Dwarf suggest the possibility of a mutation in the phytochrome/signal transduction pathway.