DFT calculations as an efficient tool for prediction of Raman and infra-red spectra and activities of newly synthesized cathinones

Maja Vujović, Venkatesan Ragavendran, Biljana Arsić, Emilija Kostić, Milan Mladenović
2020 Open Chemistry  
Initially made for medical treatment for Parkinsonism, obesity, and depression, cathinones have become illegal drugs for the "recreational use". The mechanism of action of synthetic cathinones consists of the inhibition of monoamine transporters. DFT (Density Functional Theory) calculations on the selected cathinones (3-FMC, 4-FMC, 4-MMC, Buphedrone, Butylone, Ethylone, MDPV, Methcathinone, and Methylone) were performed using B3LYP level of the Gaussian 09 program suite. The unscaled
more » ... unscaled B3LYP/6–31G vibrational wavenumbers are in general larger than the experimental values, so the use of selective scaling was necessary. The calculated spectra of selected cathinones are in good correlation with the experimental spectra which demonstrates that DFT is a good tool for the prediction of spectra of newly synthesized and insufficiently experimentally characterised cathinones. Also, HOMO-LUMO (Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital-Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital) analysis shows that 3-FMC possesses the minimum energy gap of 3.386 eV, and the molecule 4-FMC possesses the maximum energy gap of 4.205 eV among the investigated cathinones. It indicates that 3-FMC would be highly reactive among all the cathinones under investigation.
doi:10.1515/chem-2020-0021 fatcat:tulzzmlyafdftp4zk4a4r56umi