Migrasome Derived from Retinal Pigmented Epithelium Cells Contributes to the Development of Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy [post]

Liangjing Wu, Shuai Yang, Hui Li, Yao Zhang, Le Feng, Conghui Zhang, Jiayi Wei, Xunyi Gu, Guotong Xu, Zhaoyang Wang, Fang Wang
2022 unpublished
Background:Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a blind-causing disease initiated by the activation of retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) primarily induced by TGF-β families. Migrasomes is a recently discovered type of extracellular vesicles related to cell migration. Results: Here, we used ex vivo, in vitro, and in vivo models, to investigate the characteristics and functions of migrasomes in RPE activation and PVR development. Results indicated that the migrasome marker tetraspanin-4
more » ... N4) was abundantly expressed in human PVR-associated clinical samples. The ex vivo model PVR microenvironment is simulated by incubating brown Norway rat RPE eyecups with TGF-β1. Electron microscope images showed the formation of migrasome-like vesicles during the activation of RPE. Further studies indicated TGF-β1 increased the expression of TSPAN4 which results to migrasome production. Migrasomes can be internalized by RPE and increase the migration and proliferation ability of RPE. Moreover, TSPAN4-inhibited RPE cells are with reduced ability of initiating experimental PVR. Mechanically, TSPAN4 expression and migrasome production is induced through TGF-β1/Smad2/3 signaling pathway. Conclusions:In conclusion, migrasomes can be produced by RPE under PVR microenviroment. Migrasomes play a pivotal role in RPE activation and PVR progression. Thus, targeting TSPAN4 or blocking migrasome formation might be a new therapeutic method against PVR.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-1681948/v1 fatcat:o73qavgis5gxjamtt4cgrc5sza