OA-Mine: Open-World Attribute Mining for E-Commerce Products with Weak Supervision [article]

Xinyang Zhang, Chenwei Zhang, Xian Li, Xin Luna Dong, Jingbo Shang, Christos Faloutsos, Jiawei Han
<span title="2022-04-29">2022</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Automatic extraction of product attributes from their textual descriptions is essential for online shopper experience. One inherent challenge of this task is the emerging nature of e-commerce products -- we see new types of products with their unique set of new attributes constantly. Most prior works on this matter mine new values for a set of known attributes but cannot handle new attributes that arose from constantly changing data. In this work, we study the attribute mining problem in an
more &raquo; ... -world setting to extract novel attributes and their values. Instead of providing comprehensive training data, the user only needs to provide a few examples for a few known attribute types as weak supervision. We propose a principled framework that first generates attribute value candidates and then groups them into clusters of attributes. The candidate generation step probes a pre-trained language model to extract phrases from product titles. Then, an attribute-aware fine-tuning method optimizes a multitask objective and shapes the language model representation to be attribute-discriminative. Finally, we discover new attributes and values through the self-ensemble of our framework, which handles the open-world challenge. We run extensive experiments on a large distantly annotated development set and a gold standard human-annotated test set that we collected. Our model significantly outperforms strong baselines and can generalize to unseen attributes and product types.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2204.13874v1">arXiv:2204.13874v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/42wtonf4z5fcrhl62csckv76ba">fatcat:42wtonf4z5fcrhl62csckv76ba</a> </span>
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