Latent 3D Volume for Joint Depth Estimation and Semantic Segmentation from a Single Image

Seiya Ito, Naoshi Kaneko, Kazuhiko Sumi
2020 Sensors  
This paper proposes a novel 3D representation, namely, a latent 3D volume, for joint depth estimation and semantic segmentation. Most previous studies encoded an input scene (typically given as a 2D image) into a set of feature vectors arranged over a 2D plane. However, considering the real world is three-dimensional, this 2D arrangement reduces one dimension and may limit the capacity of feature representation. In contrast, we examine the idea of arranging the feature vectors in 3D space
more » ... than in a 2D plane. We refer to this 3D volumetric arrangement as a latent 3D volume. We will show that the latent 3D volume is beneficial to the tasks of depth estimation and semantic segmentation because these tasks require an understanding of the 3D structure of the scene. Our network first constructs an initial 3D volume using image features and then generates latent 3D volume by passing the initial 3D volume through several 3D convolutional layers. We apply depth regression and semantic segmentation by projecting the latent 3D volume onto a 2D plane. The evaluation results show that our method outperforms previous approaches on the NYU Depth v2 dataset.
doi:10.3390/s20205765 pmid:33053692 fatcat:mraupjui5ras5fswgoh3cunnri