RLC-GNN: An Improved Deep Architecture for Spatial-Based Graph Neural Network with Application to Fraud Detection

Yufan Zeng, Jiashan Tang
2021 Applied Sciences  
Graph neural networks (GNNs) have been very successful at solving fraud detection tasks. The GNN-based detection algorithms learn node embeddings by aggregating neighboring information. Recently, CAmouflage-REsistant GNN (CARE-GNN) is proposed, and this algorithm achieves state-of-the-art results on fraud detection tasks by dealing with relation camouflages and feature camouflages. However, stacking multiple layers in a traditional way defined by hop leads to a rapid performance drop. As the
more » ... nce drop. As the single-layer CARE-GNN cannot extract more information to fix the potential mistakes, the performance heavily relies on the only one layer. In order to avoid the case of single-layer learning, in this paper, we consider a multi-layer architecture which can form a complementary relationship with residual structure. We propose an improved algorithm named Residual Layered CARE-GNN (RLC-GNN). The new algorithm learns layer by layer progressively and corrects mistakes continuously. We choose three metrics—recall, AUC, and F1-score—to evaluate proposed algorithm. Numerical experiments are conducted. We obtain up to 5.66%, 7.72%, and 9.09% improvements in recall, AUC, and F1-score, respectively, on Yelp dataset. Moreover, we also obtain up to 3.66%, 4.27%, and 3.25% improvements in the same three metrics on the Amazon dataset.
doi:10.3390/app11125656 fatcat:57zz74zanbb77ca7xhqcnkgnlu