Quality of Oil- and Wax-Based Surface Finishes on Thermally Modified Oak Wood
In this study, natural linseed oil, hard wax oil, and hard wax, commonly used as finishes for wooden furniture and parquet, were used for surface finishes on Turkey oak wood (Quercus cerris L.), thermally modified at temperatures of 175 °C and 195 °C for 4 h. Several resistance surface properties were investigated. The mechanical resistance properties of all surface finishes were very much allied to interactions between the finish and the type of substrate. The adhesion strength and impact
... gth and impact resistance decreased if higher temperature was used for thermal modification of the substrate. The surface hardness and the resistance to abrasion were high and increased slightly with increasing temperature during thermal modification of wood. It was also found that surface adhesion, hardness and resistance to impact were very much related to interactions between the coating film and the substrate. The resistance properties of finishes, such as resistance to cold liquids and mold, were mainly influenced by the type of the surface finish. The resistance to cold liquids increased in the order: surface finish with hard wax < linseed oil < finish system of linseed oil + hard wax oil. The lowest resistance to cold liquids showed up in condensed milk and sanitizer. Resistance to Aspergillus niger and Penicillium purpurogenum was relatively weak, however apparently improved during the first 7 days of the fungal test; the surfaces were covered with a lower distribution density of fungal mycelium after 21 days of the fungal test. Individual surface performances of oil and wax-based surface finishes on native wood were different from thermally modified wood.