Complexation of Amino Compounds by 18C6 Improves Selectivity by IMS-IMS-MS: Application to Petroleum Characterization
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Complexation of a series of related amino compounds by 18-crown-6 ether (18C6) is studied as a means of improving the resolution of mixtures by combinations of ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) and mass spectrometry (MS) techniques. Mixtures of the isomeric amines n-octylamine (NOA), dibutylamine (DBA), and diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA) were electrosprayed to produce gaseous [M + H] + ions. These species have overlapping mobilities and are not resolved by IMS. Addition of 18C6 yields [M + 18C6 +
... ] + ion complexes that are resolved by IMS. In subsequent experiments, [M + 18C6 + H] + ion complexes are separated according to their mobilities and specific species are selected and exposed to collisional activation. This analysis yields dissociation voltages that are inversely correlated with the number of separate substitutions on the nitrogen atom of the amino compounds; dissociation voltages of~40,~90, and~150 V are obtained for the tri-, di-, and mono-substituted amino compounds DIPEA, DBA, and NOA, respectively. For these complexes, an inverse correlation is also observed with respect to the gas-phase basicities (GB) of the amino compounds (964, 935, and 895 kJ mol −1 , respectively). Studies of 18C6 complexes with a series of n-alkylamines (C n H 2n+3 N where n=3 to 18, respectively) show that dissociation voltages increase systematically (from~140 to~190 V) under the conditions employed. The sensitivity to collision energy provides an additional means of distinguishing between classes of compounds. The approach is extended as a means of separating nitrogen-containing compounds from petroleum.