Analisis Tren Perubahan Intensitas Hujan (Studi Kasus: Jakarta dan Bogor)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil
Rainfall intensity and drainage channel capacity are the main inputs in flood management infrastructure planning. The Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) curve in a region has a different pattern from other regions. This study examines the temporal distribution pattern of rain and the IDF curve with case studies of the Jakarta and Bogor, represented by Kemayoran Rainfall Station and Citeko Rainfall Station, respectively. This study compared data analysis from the above stations with the ABM
... d, Modified Mononobe, Indonesian National Standard for Calculating Flood Discharge, and Indonesian National Standard for Road Surface Drainage Design. The analysis results showed that the rainfall event in the Jakarta and Bogor areas was dominated by events of ≤ 4 hours with the highest percentage of rainfall volume at the beginning of the event (at the first two hours of the event). The observed hourly rainfall data has a significant difference pattern with the rainfall distribution calculated using the ABM and Modified Mononobe methods. The IDF curve obtained from the Base Curve on the Indonesian National Standard for Road Surface Drainage Design gives higher results than the IDF curve of the observation data. Meanwhile, the IDF curve calculated using the Mononobe Equation gives lower results than the IDF curve of the observation data. This study shows that standard design of rainfall duration and rainfall intensity for drainage infrastructure planning and flood management need to be continuously developed based on the latest observational data with better temporal and spatial resolution. Continuous effort in improving codes and design standard needs to be conducted to respond to climate change challenges, dynamic regional developments, and the increasing trend of flood events in Indonesia.