Why imposed sanctions have little effect on North Korea

Sunhee Cho
2020 unpublished
Ten rounds of sanctions by the UN since 2006, and several sanctions from the U.S., as well as other states, have been imposed on North Korea. However, these sanctions have proven ineffective and have not stopped North Korea's constant ambition to develop nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. Namely, the UN sanctions for almost 15 years have failed to produce the desired effect. This thesis delves into the concept of both comprehensive and targeted sanctions, and their respective strengths and
more » ... ctive strengths and weaknesses. It then focuses on UN sanctions imposed on North Korea in chronological order, in particular, the impacts after implementing the UNSCR 2270 (2016). In addition, it presents the factors that explain the limited effects of these sanctions on North Korea. The nature of the Kim family regime, North Korea's supportive external relationship with China, Russia and South Korea are fundamental reasons for the sanctions having had limited effects. This thesis highlights the prior sanctions imposed on North Korea by the U.S., including secondary sanctions, along with providing an in-depth summary and analysis of the recent summits between North Korea and the U.S. It furthermore introduces South Korea's perception on the aforementioned subjects. Lastly, the thesis evaluates the meaning and impacts of previously imposed sanctions as well as ongoing sanctions against North Korea. In conclusion, sanctions have become (relatively) more comprehensive and widened in both scope and extent. As a result of this shift, along with additional secondary sanctions imposed by the U.S., North Korea has begun to take its place at the negotiation table along with the U.S. and the rest of the world. However, more time is still required for the world to witness fruitful results.
doi:10.25365/thesis.64270 fatcat:dzqywmilhjfx5a5tlt73xl2wme