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Journal of Midwifery
Betel leaves and areca nut can form excessive connective or fibrous tissue in the submucosa. At the end of pregnancy, due to aging of the placenta, there is also a decrease in the estrogen which can affect the volume of cervical mucus which is used as an emulsifier for the delivery process to help the elasticity of the vagina and perineum. The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in the duration of labor in the first stage of labor in women with the habit of consuming areca nutdoi:10.25077/jom.6.2.23-28.2021 fatcat:4gf4l27wbnfttg5oyod5woo7my