Impact of Planting Methods on Some Sesame Cultivars Production
Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences
A field experiment was carried out at Agronomy Department Research Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Egypt, during 2018 and 2019 seasons to evaluation of some sesame cultivars under different methods of planting. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) using strip-plot arrangement with three replications. The six planting methods (Afir terraces, Afir drill on flat, Afir furrows, Heraty terraces, Heraty drill on flat and Heraty furrows) were assigned
... horizontally while, the three sesame cultivars (Giza-32, Shandaweel-3 and Sohag-1) were allocated vertically. The obtained result showed that the studied planting methods had a significant effect on number of capsules plant -1 , 1000-seed weight and seeds weight plant -1 as well as seeds and oil yields traits in the both seasons except 1000-seed weight in the second season in favor of terraces planting methods. Furthermore, the tested sesame cultivars had a highly significant influence on all the studied traits in the two growing season in favor of Shandaweel-3 cultivar which gained the highest mean values of all the mentioned traits except seed yield /plant in the second season. Here too, the interaction between the studied planting methods and sesame cultivars had a significant effect in all the previous traits in the both seasons. Thus, the maximum average values of oil yield (444.14 and 374.37 kg fed. -1 in the two respective seasons) were obtained from sowing Shandaweel-3 cultivar using Afir drill on flat planting method in the first season and from sowing Sohage-1 cultivar using Heraty furrows method in the second one.