Detecting GAN generated Fake Images using Co-occurrence Matrices [article]

Lakshmanan Nataraj, Tajuddin Manhar Mohammed, Shivkumar Chandrasekaran, Arjuna Flenner, Jawadul H. Bappy, Amit K. Roy-Chowdhury, B. S. Manjunath
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The advent of Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) has brought about completely novel ways of transforming and manipulating pixels in digital images. GAN based techniques such as Image-to-Image translations, DeepFakes, and other automated methods have become increasingly popular in creating fake images. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to detect GAN generated fake images using a combination of co-occurrence matrices and deep learning. We extract co-occurrence matrices on three color
more » ... channels in the pixel domain and train a model using a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) framework. Experimental results on two diverse and challenging GAN datasets comprising more than 56,000 images based on unpaired image-to-image translations (cycleGAN [1]) and facial attributes/expressions (StarGAN [2]) show that our approach is promising and achieves more than 99% classification accuracy in both datasets. Further, our approach also generalizes well and achieves good results when trained on one dataset and tested on the other.
arXiv:1903.06836v2 fatcat:ynjrs77o7ramlav3bhuntcgkfa