Benefits of temperate agroforestry landscapes - economic evaluation of the marketable and the non-marketable outcomes

S. Kay, A. Graves, J. Palma, G. Moreno, J. Roces-Díaz, J. Crous-Duran, S. Aviron, D. Chouvardas, V. Măcicăsan, R. Mosquera-Losada, E. Szerencsits, M. Torralba (+1 others)
2019 Zenodo  
these benefits are only partly financially valued by farmers and society. Against this background we assessed the economic performance of marketable ecosystem services (ES) and non-marketable ES in contrasting landscapes dominated by agricultural or agroforestry land use in twelve case study regions in Europe. The focus was on the evaluation of the annual biomass production as marketable outcomes and groundwater recharge, nutrient retention, soil preservation, carbon sequestration and
more » ... n as non-marketable outcomes (Kay et al. 2018). Our findings showed, that agroforestry landscapes had slightly lower market outputs than agricultural areas if the focus was only on marketable ES. However, when monetary values for non-marketable ES were included, the relative profitability of agroforestry landscapes increased. This was due to the fact that nutrient and soil losses were reduced, and additional benefits could be gained from carbon sequestration. This trend was of similar relevance in all three major biogeographical regions of Europe (Figure 1). Our outcomes showed how a market system that includes the value of broader ES would result in landscapes including multifunctional agroforestry systems and underlined that there is a critical gap in economic assessments that fails to account for ecological and social benefits.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3233723 fatcat:kf5yijhnp5h45ed2weqv6jol7y