Analysis of polymorphism and transcription of the effector gene Avr1b in Phytophthora sojae isolates from China virulent to Rps1b

2011 Molecular plant pathology  
The effector gene Avr1b-1 of Phytophthora sojae determines the efficacy of the resistance gene Rps1b in soybean. The sequences of the Avr1b-1 locus in 34 Chinese isolates of P. sojae were obtained and analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and inverse PCR. Four different alleles and a complete deletion mutation of the Avr1b-1 gene were identified. Molecular analysis of the deletion breakpoints in the Avr1b-1 locus revealed that an 8-kb DNA sequence containing Avr1b-1 was deleted and a
more » ... kb DNA sequence was inserted at the same locus. A truncated transposase gene was found and five transposable elements were predicted in the inserted sequence, suggesting that the deletion of Avr1b-1 might be attributed to transposon movement. The transcription of Avr1b-1 was analysed in virulent isolates containing four alleles of Avr1b-1 by real-time reverse transcription-PCR. In all virulent isolates, only those isolates containing the second allele transcripted Avr1b-1.
doi:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2011.00733.x pmid:21726400 fatcat:cgwdapapnfenbiidplfnabmsgi