Isomorphisms of groups related to flocks

Koen Thas
2011 Journal of Algebraic Combinatorics  
A truly fruitful way to construct finite generalized quadrangles is through the detection of Kantor families in the general 5-dimensional Heisenberg group H 2 (q) over some finite field F q . All these examples are so-called "flock quadrangles". Payne (Geom. Dedic. 32:93-118, 1989) constructed from the Ganley flock quadrangles the new Roman quadrangles, which appeared not to arise from flocks, but still via a Kantor family construction (in some group G of the same order as H 2 (q)). The
more » ... tal question then arose as to whether H 2 (q) ∼ = G (Payne in Geom. Dedic. 32:93-118, 1989). Eventually the question was solved in Havas et al. (Finite geometries, groups, and computation, pp. 95-102, de Gruyter, Berlin, 2006; Adv. Geom. 26:389-396, 2006). Payne's Roman construction appears to be a special case of a far more general one: each flock quadrangle for which the dual is a translation generalized quadrangle gives rise to another generalized quadrangle which is in general not isomorphic, and which also arises from a Kantor family. Denote the class of such flock quadrangles by C . In this paper, we resolve the question of Payne for the complete class C . In fact we do more-we show that flock quadrangles are characterized by their groups. Several (sometimes surprising) by-products are described in both odd and even characteristic.
doi:10.1007/s10801-011-0326-0 fatcat:wvmusbupmza7xafqipcrz6zbue