Bromate Formation by the Oxidation of Bromide in the Electrochemically Activated Persulfate Process: Mechanism and Influencing Factors

Feng Zhang, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, 030024, PR China
2020 International Journal of Electrochemical Science  
In this study, an electrochemically activated persulfate (EAP) process using boron-doped diamond (BDD) as the anode was adopted for the activation of peroxydisulfate (PDS) to treat bromidecontaining water. In this EAP process, the activation of PDS to generate SO4 •is mainly caused by direct electron transfer at the cathode. The synergetic oxidation by the free radical oxidants, including OH• electrogenerated on the BDD anode and SO4 •produced on the cathode, is the major driving force to
more » ... ving force to oxidize bromide to bromate through the continuous stepwise reaction. The cathodic reduction of high-valent bromine compounds coexisting in the EAP process could also affect the distribution of bromine by-products. The bromate formed in the EAP process decreased when humic acid coexisted in the bromide-containing water because the active bromine (Br• and HOBr) could react with organic matter to form brominated by-products. Bromate formation was increased with increasing PDS dosage, initial bromide concentration and current density. An acidic environment is beneficial for inhibiting the formation of bromate, but it might also increase the risk of formation of brominated by-products.
doi:10.20964/2020.08.24 fatcat:vqslnra3o5dolpicd7qvt7jgqq