The Use of Personality Traits to Enhance Theory-driven Group Formation
Revista Brasileira de Informática na Educação
Group formation is an important and challenging element for designing successful CSCL scenarios. Despite efforts from the scientific community in developing more effective algorithms to support group formation processes, we still face problems related to learners' resistance and demotivation towards group work. In this sense, diverse studies highlight the importance of considering learners' personality traits to form groups, since this factor can influence students' performance and induce
... e actions and behaviors in group work. Therefore, this paper presents G-FusionPT (Group Formation USIng Ontology and Personality Trait), a group formation algorithm that support new learning roles, denominated Affective Collaborative Learning roles, based on relation between collaborative learning theories and students' personality traits. The algorithm is based on a collaborative ontology to understand the learning theories (e.g., context, learning activities, group structure), and learners profile to understand learners' needs (e.g., target/current knowledge/skill). To evaluate the algorithm, we used a 300 student simulated sample wit varying group size (three, five, and seven members), and compared G-FusionPT results to other group formation algorithms: G-Fusion (based specifically on collaborative learning theories) and Random (no strategy or criterion). The results demonstrated the effectiveness of G-FusionPT against G-Fusion and Random algorithms, as it generated the highest average percentage of learners in well-formed groups and lowest averagepercentage of learners in unfit groups.