Density-wave patterns for fermionic dipolar molecules on a square optical lattice: Mean-field-theory analysis

K. Mikelsons, J. K. Freericks
2011 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We model a system of ultracold fermionic dipolar molecules on a two-dimensional square lattice. Assuming that the molecules are in their nondegenerate hyperfine ground state, and that the dipole moment is polarized perpendicular to the plane (as in the recent experiments on 40K-87Rb molecules), we approximate these molecules as spinless fermions with long range repulsive dipolar interactions. We use mean field theory to obtain the restricted phase diagram as a function of the filling, the
more » ... filling, the strength of interaction and the temperature. We find a number of ordered density wave phases in the system, as well as phase separation between these phases. A Monte Carlo analysis shows that the higher-period phases are usually suppressed in the exact solution.
doi:10.1103/physreva.83.043609 fatcat:zqne3bsxvnbkhhjtzycyj5cswy