Overcoming Barriers to Research Utilization and Evidence-Based Practice Among Staff Nurses

Hilary Shirah Grant, Ann Stuhlmacher, Susan Bonte-Eley
2012 Journal for Nurses in Staff Development  
BACKGROUND: In medical organizations, utilizing evidence-based practice (EBP) helps nurses and patients make the best decision in health care in certain clinical settings. Hence, recognizing its educational barriers is so important. METHODS: The present study was a descriptive-analytical research that was conducted using a cross-sectional design in 6 teaching hospitals of Qazvin City, Iran, in 2014. The study sample consisted of 260 nurses. Based on the number of the nurses working in each
more » ... tal, the study sample was chosen by a stratified random method. Two questionnaires were employed to collect the required data. The first questionnaire was Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ) that evaluates nurses' understanding of EBP. The second questionnaire was related to measuring the barriers to utilization of research by the nurses that was developed by Funk et al. For analyzing the collected data, frequency distribution tables, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and linear regression coefficient were used. RESULTS: The total mean of EBP among the nurses was at a level above average. The subscales of knowledge/skill (3.74) and attitude (3.87) had a lower average compared to the subscale of practice (4.14). The total mean of the barriers was 3.07. According to the results of the present study, organization and adopter had the highest and lowest means, respectively. CONCLUSION: Identifying the barriers that affect effective EBP implementation can help nurses achieve their goals by removing these obstacles, building the necessary infrastructure, and providing human, physical, and financial resources. Citation: Kalhor R, Moosavi S, Farzam SA, Khosravizadeh O, Hematgar MA, Zeynali M, et al. Nurses' understanding of evidence-based practice: Identification of barriers to utilization of research in teaching hospitals. Chron Dis J 2019; 7(1): 41-8. proposed as a priority in the health care system especially in the field of nursing services. 2 In this regard, nurses are expected to deliver care services with maximum quality and quantity standards and based on scientific findings. In addition, by examining and reviewing care procedures, they should acquire necessary ability to make clinical decisions while delivering care services. 3 Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-Original Article http://cdjournal.muk.ac.ir, 15 January Evidence-based practice Kalhor et al.
doi:10.1097/nnd.0b013e31825dfaff pmid:22821017 fatcat:blzzavaeczdrhkvks2ymbg2zs4