DeepPyram: Enabling Pyramid View and Deformable Pyramid Reception for Semantic Segmentation in Cataract Surgery Videos [article]

Negin Ghamsarian, Mario Taschwer, klaus Schoeffmann
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Semantic segmentation in cataract surgery has a wide range of applications contributing to surgical outcome enhancement and clinical risk reduction. However, the varying issues in segmenting the different relevant instances make the designation of a unique network quite challenging. This paper proposes a semantic segmentation network termed as DeepPyram that can achieve superior performance in segmenting relevant objects in cataract surgery videos with varying issues. This superiority mainly
more » ... ginates from three modules: (i) Pyramid View Fusion, which provides a varying-angle global view of the surrounding region centering at each pixel position in the input convolutional feature map; (ii) Deformable Pyramid Reception, which enables a wide deformable receptive field that can adapt to geometric transformations in the object of interest; and (iii) Pyramid Loss that adaptively supervises multi-scale semantic feature maps. These modules can effectively boost semantic segmentation performance, especially in the case of transparency, deformability, scalability, and blunt edges in objects. The proposed approach is evaluated using four datasets of cataract surgery for objects with different contextual features and compared with thirteen state-of-the-art segmentation networks. The experimental results confirm that DeepPyram outperforms the rival approaches without imposing additional trainable parameters. Our comprehensive ablation study further proves the effectiveness of the proposed modules.
arXiv:2109.05352v1 fatcat:n5u6crsgszblfgxnuxobzzgy6i