Theoretical, practical, and social issues in behavioral treatments of obesity

S C Wooley, O W Wooley, S R Dyrenforth
1979 Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis  
Although showing superior maintenance, behavioral treatments of obesity typically produce small weight losses at a decelerating rate. Rather than reflecting poor compliance with treatment, these findings are consistent with known compensatory metabolic changes that operate to slow weight loss and promote regain. Other problems associated with dieting include failure of caloric regulation, hyper-responsivity to food palatability, and hunger, which is greatest under conditions of moderate
more » ... ion and unpredictability of access to food. The inevitability of treatment failure in many instances must be faced and efforts made to prevent further worsening of the obese patient's self-esteem. Prognosis and treatment planning may be aided by consideration of the historical difficulties of weight loss, the degree of hunger experienced on diets, which may reflect important physiological differences among individuals, and the use of food to optimize arousal level. Full involvement of the patient in setting goals and planning treatment is recommended.
doi:10.1901/jaba.1979.12-3 pmid:468747 pmcid:PMC1311346 fatcat:xl7yrp3eljeo5dsilgvuumpkz4