Mechanical comparison of a polymer nanocomposite to a ceramic thin-film anti-reflective filter

Thad Druffel, Kebin Geng, Eric Grulke
2006 Nanotechnology  
Thin-film filters on optical components have been in use for decades and, for those industries utilizing a polymer substrate, the mismatch in mechanical behaviour has caused problems. Surface damage including scratches and cracks induces haze on the optical filter, reducing the transmission of the optical article. An in-mold anti-reflective (AR) filter incorporating 1/4-wavelength thin films based on a polymer nanocomposite is outlined here and compared with a traditional vacuum deposition AR
more » ... uum deposition AR coating. Nanoindentation and nanoscratch techniques are used to evaluate the mechanical properties of the thin films. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the resulting indentations and scratches are then compared to the force deflection curves to further explain the phenomena. The traditional coatings fractured by brittle mechanisms during testing, increasing the area of failure, whereas the polymer nanocomposite gave ductile failure with less surface damage.
doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/14/038 pmid:19661609 fatcat:sqzjiogi4ncwxjotuijgshxsu4