Effectiveness and safety of bilateral internal iliac artery ligation with pre-peritoneal pelvic packing for life-threatening pelvic trauma
This study analyzed the outcomes of bilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) ligation with preperitoneal pelvic packing (PPP) in hemodynamically unstable patients with major pelvic fractures. All-cause mortality was examined, periprocedural safety for critical circumstances was reviewed, and iliac artery ligation-related complications of the postoperative phase were evaluated. A total of 20 patients who suffered substantially from severe pelvic trauma with hemodynamic instability and subsequently
... nderwent bilateral IIA ligation with PPP between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2021, were enrolled in the study. The median participant age was 60.5 years, and 65.0% were male. The median systolic blood pressure was 68.5 mmHg on arrival. Increased lactate level (median, 11.05 mmol/L) suggested that the patients were in shock distinctly due to hypovolemia. It took approximately 1 h to complete the ligation of bilateral IIA to accomplish hemostasis (median, 65.5 min). The iliac vein was injured during dissection in three cases. During the ICU stay (median, 17.5 days), acute kidney injury was identified in 13 patients, likely due to volume depletion. The median ventilator-free days was 13.5; six patients were confirmed with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Moreover, 12 patients were diagnosed with acute respiratory distress syndrome. There was one case in which the lower extremity artery was acutely occluded. Anatomic hemostasis was achieved in 18 patients. The two patients for which anatomic hemostasis failed became two mortality cases from preperitoneal hemorrhage. Our analysis showed that bilateral IIA ligation with PPP was effective as a lifesaving procedure in hemodynamically unstable patients with a major pelvic fracture in terms of mortality due to fracture-related exsanguination. Moreover, the incidence of periprocedural complications was considered tolerable, making the procedure worth a try, especially in austere and underdeveloped healthcare settings.