Fast characterization of inducible regions of atrial fibrillation models with multi-fidelity Gaussian process classification [article]

Lia Gander, Simone Pezzuto, Ali Gharaviri, Rolf Krause, Paris Perdikaris, Francisco Sahli Costabal
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Computational models of atrial fibrillation have successfully been used to predict optimal ablation sites. A critical step to assess the effect of an ablation pattern is to pace the model from different, potentially random, locations to determine whether arrhythmias can be induced in the atria. In this work, we propose to use multi-fidelity Gaussian process classification on Riemannian manifolds to efficiently determine the regions in the atria where arrhythmias are inducible. We build a
more » ... listic classifier that operates directly on the atrial surface. We take advantage of lower resolution models to explore the atrial surface and combine seamlessly with high-resolution models to identify regions of inducibility. When trained with 40 samples, our multi-fidelity classifier shows a balanced accuracy that is 10% higher than a nearest neighbor classifier used as a baseline atrial fibrillation model, and 9% higher in presence of atrial fibrillation with ablations. We hope that this new technique will allow faster and more precise clinical applications of computational models for atrial fibrillation.
arXiv:2112.08075v2 fatcat:p5qxa2l7orarxoge5hscjkbj24